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“Comets are made of the most primitive stuff in the solar system,” a press release from University of Michigan triumphantly claimed today. “As hunks of rock and ice that never coalesced into more planets, they give researchers clues to the evolution of solar systems.” Tell that to Toby Owen and two colleagues who just published a paper in Icarus.1 They measured the nitrogen to carbon ratio from several real comets and found it 300 times smaller than expected, if the comets had formed in the primitive outer reaches of the solar system. Having established the deficit experimentally, they tried to explain it, saying, “we have to guess what was the N2/CO ratio where the ice grains which agglomerated to form comet nuclei were formed, either at the outskirts of the solar nebula or in the dense interstellar cloud which collapsed to form the nebula, assuming that their composition was not changed” (italics theirs). That, of course, was the assumption in the U Michigan press release. “Where has the nitrogen disappeared?” They looked again at the expected ratio, and compared it with their actual measurements. They looked at various ways of bringing the numbers in line. Way off still. “At this point we raise our hands,” they said – a statement of exasperation rare for a dignified scientific paper. “In conclusion, we do not know what has happened to the missing nitrogen” (italics theirs). Earlier, they said they had accepted the usual assumptions about comet formation (see footnote also for historical reference to Halley’s speculation about Noah’s flood).2 Meanwhile, the U Michigan press release paraded on, assuring the readers that each piece of data was coming together into a complete understanding of not only comets but entire solar systems. “As for what these observations say about the origins of the solar system, scientists don’t know just yet,” the article admitted, but then quoted a confident researcher, “The composition of comets tells us about conditions approximately 4.5 billion years ago when the solar system was formed.”1. A. Bar-Nun, G. Notesco and T. Owen, “Trapping of N2, CO and Ar in amorphous ice—Application to comets,” Icarus, Volume 190, Issue 2, October 2007, Pages 655-659, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.03.021.2. “In previous papers, we have supported the idea that icy planetesimals (aka comets) could have brought heavy noble gases and other volatiles to the inner planets ([Owen and Bar-Nun, 1995], [Owen and Bar-Nun, 1998] and [Owen et al., 2000]). This concept can be traced back to Edmond Halley (1724) who thought a collision with a comet could have produced Noah’s flood. More recently, the role of comets in bringing volatiles to the Earth has been championed by Or� (1961), Sill and Wilkening (1978) and especially Delsemme (2000, and references therein). Our approach to this venerable idea has been to assume that the water ice in comets formed in the amorphous state at temperatures below ~50 K and trapped ambient gases in the process.”Don’t you wish the science reporters would just tell it like it is? Don’t they think we can handle the truth? Do they assume the public would freak out if they showed a little humility for a change? (09/29/2007).(Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
It is expected that the project will lay the foundation for a future fleet of power plants by demonstrating solar field and power plant technology. Emission savings are estimated at about 5-million tons of CO2 equivalent – over a 20-year life span – for the Sere wind power project and 9-million tons for the Upington solar power plant. Diversifying energy mix 7 June 2011 “Eskom is committed to reducing its carbon footprint,” Eskom CEO Brian Dames told BuaNews this week. “This is an exciting time in the company’s history with its first large-scale introduction of two critically important renewable energy projects in its fleet.” The loan, which was concluded under the South African Government Guarantee for Eskom’s debt, is for 40 years. Currently, South Africa generates barely 22MW in wind power and has no grid connected solar power generation capacity. While it is more expensive to generate power from renewables than from coal-fired production, the goal is to decrease their marginal cost over time. Apart from providing financing, AfDB will also transfer critical knowledge of how to design and manage wind and solar energy projects to South African experts, enabling the country to take a major step towards an economy powered by cleaner energy. According to a statement by the African Development Bank (AfDB) this week, the financial package includes $265-million from the bank’s own reserves, as well as a $100-million concessional loan from the Clean Technology Fund. Carbon emissions savings Catalyst for larger scale delivery According to the AfDB, about 90% of electrical energy produced in the country in 2010, was derived from fossil fuels, emitting approximately 224.7-million tons of CO2, and making the South African economy one of the most carbon-intensive in the world. “In addition to the tremendous environmental benefits, the project will have a positive impact on job creation,” the AfDB said. The funds will allow Eskom to implement its $1.3-billion renewable energy programme that includes a 100MW concentrated solar power plant at Upington in the Northern Cape and a 100MW wind farm near Koekenaap in the Western Cape. These projects respond directly to South Africa’s need for more energy and to diversify its energy mix, gradually increasing the weight of clean energy to 42% by 2030 as anticipated in South Africa’s Integrated Resource Plan, released earlier this year. “The two initiatives are the first of their kind in a region where they are seen as a test case and catalyst for larger-scale delivery of power using renewable technologies to displace considerable future CO2 emissions,” Hela Cheikhrouhou, director of the AfDB’s energy, environment and climate change department, said in a statement this week. South African state company Eskom has secured a US$365-million (about R2.46-billion) loan from the African Development Bank to fund construction of a concentrated solar power plant at Upington in the Northern Cape and a wind farm near Koekenaap in the Western Cape. SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
Gordhan noted that although there has been growth of 14.2% year-on-year, CIT remains below the peak of R165.5-billion officials managed to collect in the 2008/09 period. “This slow recovery of CIT in the main accounted for the current tax to GDP ratio, which remained flat,” he said. ‘Good platform for future growth’ Company tax collections also benefited from the stronger imports in the automotive sector, coupled with increased investments in capital-intensive industries such as energy, manufacturing and agriculture. “This is an important indicator of investor confidence in the future of the domestic economy and provides a good platform for future growth,” said Gordhan. “Once again, Sars has served the people of South Africa very well notwithstanding the challenges that we see in the world economy. The vast majority of South Africans pay tax and make contributions to the fiscus by paying VAT, excise duties and the fuel levy on the goods and services they consume,” Gordhan said. Over the past three-year period, South Africa had seen an overall revenue growth of more than 4.5%, while world markets such as the US and Europe continued to decline. “The mining, finance, as well as wholesale and retail sectors showed robust growth on the back of a modest economic recovery,” read documents from Sars. Economy ‘continues to demonstrate resilience’ Gordhan said the country’s economy grew by 3.1% and continued to demonstrate resilience in an uncertain global environment. The domestic environment has also been improving, with 20 000 jobs created each quarter. According to the minister, given the tough economic climate, Sars had done very well, and with more compliance, the revenue service could continue to improve. 3 April 2012 The South African Revenue Service had another strong year in 2011/12, collecting R742.7-billion in revenue – R4-billion more than Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan had budgeted for, and R68-billion more than the amount collected in the previous financial year. Making the announcement in Pretoria on Sunday, Gordhan said the budget deficit of 4.8% estimated in February’s budget had also gone down to 4.5%. The three main revenue contributors were personal tax, corporate income tax (CIT) and Value Added Tax. Collections from personal income tax increased from just over R228-billion in the 2010/11 financial year to over R251-billion this year. Company tax collections also increased to R153.747-billion from R134, 635 in 2010/11. Although the global crisis was no closer to resolution, buoyant growth in tax revenue in South Africa was driven by the strong performances of import taxes, the recovery of combined profits and resilient consumption. Moreover, strong revenue growth benefitted from the financial sector’s strong contribution, which is R18-billion or 10% higher than the previous year. Source: BuaNews Agriculture, mining and telecommunications contributed over R34-billion in taxes combined, while banks, insurance and other financial services were taxed more than R40-billion. The manufacturing and petroleum sector contributed over R34-billion to the country’s revenue. Officials noted that the past three years saw a contraction in the construction sector following the boom period leading up to the Fifa soccer world cup hosted in South Africa. This also led to a decline in the manufacturing sector, where production volumes are said to be recovering moderately.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Joel and the team from the East leg of the Ohio Crop Tour have an update from the southern portion of their leg. The Ohio Crop Tour is brought to you by AgroLiquid.
Last month, public reports from ESET and Dragos outlined a new, highly capable Industrial Controls Systems (ICS) attack platform — the one reportedly used in 2016 against critical utilities infrastructure in Ukraine.CRASHOVERRIDE (alternately named Industroyer), the malware framework used on a cyberattack on the Ukraine electric grid in 2016, hit an electric transmission station near Kiev, blacking out a sizable portion of the city. Attackers overwrote firmware on critical devices at 16 substations, leaving them unresponsive to any remote commands from operators.As a result of the attacks, 80,000 customers went without electricity for six hours in winter, and workers had to control the substations and breakers manually. The attack itself only lasted an hour, but cybersecurity experts are concerned that the attack was used as proof of concept, rather than a full demonstration of the malware’s capability, which suggests that a more complex, serious attack may be in the works. The Kiev attack is only the second-known case of malicious code used to disrupt physical systems — the United States and Israel employed the first, Stuxnet, to destroy centrifuges in an Iranian nuclear enrichment facility in 2009.See also: How is the new age of digital transformation affecting utilities?A company in the United States called Full Spectrum Inc. has come up with a way to mitigate the risks of such attacks through the provision of private broadband cellular data networks to utility companies. Full Spectrum’s network radios enable wide-area intelligence networks for smart grids, smart pipes, smart fields, and any other mission-critical networks that need internet protocol connectivity. In the United States, there are roughly 3,300 electric utility companies and each of them has to manage its assets securely and reliably. The physical communications network is a “critical component of the connectivity,” according to Full Spectrum CEO Stewart Kantor. “[We developed] our technology … so utility companies could, with very little infrastructure, cover huge portions of their service territories,” Kantor said. “4G and 5G technology offered by the commercial wireless industry is short-range … and very expensive. We designed our broadband digital wireless technology … to use very tall tower sites with high power radios at both the base stations and remote radio sites using licensed VHF and UHF frequencies. One of our base stations provides coverage up to 8,000 square kilometers, versus 80 square kilometers with 4G and 8 square kilometers with 5G.”The company uses several different licensed VHF and UHF frequencies in adaptable channel sizes — a capability that is unique to its radio technology. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), one of the world’s leading utility research institutions, has even proposed using Full Spectrum’s technology as a new worldwide wireless standard for industrial networks.Kantor said that the deployment of utility smart meters in the 2000s provided visibility into real-time customer usage but did not provide the utilities with the ability to “adjust” supply and demand in the grid in real time. Full Spectrum’s new private wireless technology bridges that gap by providing a secure and reliable network for higher-level grid functions like substation automation and distribution automation (DA), including circuit breakers, switches, capacitor bank controllers, and even solar inverters.In a private network, the utility companies own, operate, and control the system, and can keep it either completely off the public internet or with only very short periods of secure internet connectivity. The Ultimate Checklist on Ways to Prevent IoT D… 5 Industries Destined for Technological Disruption How IoT Will Play an Important Role in Traffic … How Connected Communities Can Bolster Your Busi… Cate Lawrence What happens with a utility cyberattack?An attack like CHRASHOVERRIDE is capable of directly controlling electricity substation switches and circuit breakers. It manipulates globally-common industrial communication protocols in power supply infrastructure, transportation control systems, and other critical infrastructure. The potential impact may range from simply turning off power distribution, triggering a cascade of failures, to more serious damage to equipment.“There are a variety of vehicles for malware to infiltrate a network,” Kantor said. “A co-worker could introduce a thumb drive that has the virus that then gets distributed to the network controlling the RTUs. It can be hidden in the controller software from the vendor, and so on. The bottom line is that the combination of physical and digital isolation creates a higher level of security and protection and can also reduce recovery time.”Let’s take an attack of multiple major fiber cuts to the commercial providers, like what happened in the Bay Area in 2009 or during the Coyote Point Substation attack. The fiber cuts revealed that much commercial internet traffic was carried over the same fiber points of presence for all providers. Such attacks would have a huge, disastrous impact on a utility company if they were relying on a commercial network.Securing areas through private networksFull Spectrum recently announced that it will begin deploying its own private network service for companies that require secure and reliable networks but are not capable of running the network themselves. The first private network service will launch in the Metropolitan New York Area, followed by one in the San Francisco Bay Area.“Our network in the New York Metro Area will initially cover up to 52,000 square kilometers with the ability to originate and terminate IP traffic without ever touching the public Internet,” Kantor said.Private data networks will overlay an area with secure technology in case of an attack on a public network. “So imagine someone begins to jam frequencies used by automated vehicles,” Kantor said. “Our network can serve as a backup safety network allowing things to come to a reasonable stopping place.”Kantor envisions a private nationwide network with a variety of secure and reliable applications — conducting autonomous vehicle traffic, sensor traffic for perimeter security, radiation sensors with high-end sensing, and data networks for specific applications. Mass adoption of Full Spectrum’s technology will be revolutionary in improving reliability and efficiency, and in replacing aging infrastructure. Related Posts Tags:#cyber attack#cybersecurity#EPRI#featured#Full Spectrum#sensor technology#smart meters#top
In this video tutorial you’ll discover how to create a dynamic shattered glass effect in After Effects – great for titles, trailers and promo videos!Add a slick shattered glass effect to your motion design and video editing projects – great for giving logos and title sequences maximum impact. Shattered glass is easy to simulate using the AE built-in Shatter effect.In this video tutorial we walk through step by step through the process of creating this glass effect in your own After Effects video projects.First we’ll add the shatter effect to shape layers in After Effects. Then, we’ll make the animation more dynamic with the After Effects virtual camera. Lastly, we’ll apply this effect to text.Learn the basics of creating shattered glass in After Effects and then tweak this animation for your own custom effect:Full Video Transcript:[color-box color=”gray”] This is Evan Abrams for PremiumBeat.com and today we’re going to be shattering glass in After Effects. We’ll be making use of the built-in shatter effect and you don’t even need to use external 3D programs to make it happen. So let’s get into After Effects and start breaking things.So the first thing to do in After Effects is create a new composition and we’re going to go with the HDTV 1080 24 pre-set and duration of 1 minute long, background color black, and click OK. The first thing to do is to make the actual thing we’re going to shatter. So to do that we’re going to create a new solid and we’re just going to leave that solid as black because we’re using a very dark scene. So we’re just going to be shattering a black piece of glass, but you can use any piece you’d like. So if you use, say, like a gray, we’d use blackness of 10. And then we’ll put some text on top of it, for example, just type in the word, “glass.” Scale it up and put it in the center of the composition there. This will serve as our glass. If you want to put other things, like a texture or any type of element that you want to shatter, it could be a logo, it could be anything, make sure you put it in this first composition. So select both of those and then we’re going to go layer pre-compose, and pre-compose both of those elements. And we’ll call this “Glass to shatter” so we know this is the glass we’re going to shatter. Good. Now to this we’re going to apply the shatter effect, and this will determine all of the attributes of the glass that we’re shattering. So as you can see by default, that actually shatters a bunch of bricks which is not exactly what we’re after.So go into the shape and change the pattern to be glass instead of bricks. So you can see by default, also, it has fairly large chunks. We want to simulate the glass shattering in large chunks and then those chunks becoming smaller chunks. So in order to do that, we’re going to change the repetitions. So I’m just going to zoom in here on the timeline and we’re going to set key frames for the numbers of repetitions. So call up the keyframes by hitting U and I’m just going to zoom right in here. And all the action on these key frames can happen in the first five frames. So on frame one we want the repetitions to be 10. On frame two we want the repetitions to be 25. Frame three, we want them to be 35. Frame four, we want them to be 50. So they’re getting quite a bit bigger, quite a bitfaster. The extrusion depth we want to take down to .05 to make them a lot thinner, because we don’t want thick glass chunks coming out. We want a thin pane of glass shattering. And this is all a matter of scale so if you want thicker glass, of course leave the extrusion depth up.The next thing to change is the force and the force is going to have a depth of .01 and strength of 4. It doesn’t need to be as strong as the default. And we’re also going to key frame the radius. So click on the stopwatch there and the radius we want on frame one to be .11. And then on frame two we’d like it to be .12. And then on frame four we’d like it to be .17. This is causing the radius to expand into that first line of chunks and then on the next step to make sure that those chunks are still consistent with the first key frame we made. And if you’re not scaling the size of the thing coming through the glass, here, it’s going to become a little bit strange as the size of the glass changes and it changes where the edge of the break is. So these numbers help keep this within the bounds of what would be an expected shatter pattern.Now we leave the gradient and the physics alone, and we just come down here to the texture. We change the opacity down to .75. And in order to observe what we’re really doing, change it from wire frame and force to rendered, so we can actually really see the work we’re doing. Now the front mode is fine to be the layer, so it will display whatever the layer is. The side mode, however, we want to be color plus opacity, so the sides of the shattered pieces are going to be white and 75% transparent. And the back mode, we’re going to have that set just to be color, because we’re trying to fake sort of a shine that happens when light reflects off of the pieces. And we can fake this, quite simply, by having the back of the pieces be bright so it seem kind of like they’re tumbling in a light.Now speaking of lighting, we have to change some of the lighting settings. And on those settings we’re going to change the light intensity to be at 5. So quite bright. And then we’re going to move that light to be behind the plane of the shatter, so it’s casting light from the back. And we’re going to put the ambient light up to .5 and we are going to change the light color to be sort of a light blue. So I’m going to go with something like, somewhere in the blues here, not a lot of saturation and brightness all the way up to 100%. So a nice and bright light blue. And that should do for the shatter.And the next thing we’re going to want to put in is a camera so we’re able to control how we’re looking at this. So back in the effect we want to make sure that the camera system it’s using is the comp camera. So now when we move this camera around in the scene, it’s going to change the way we’re looking at the glass. So as you can see, you can move around all parts of this thing with the camera to get a better look at it. In order to control the camera better, we’re going to make a new null object and we’re going to parent the camera to the null object and use the null object’s rotation and position to move the camera around. So make the null object 3D, pull up its rotation, just use moving the null object around on the screen to change its position around. So we’d like to change its wirerotation a little bit, so it’s kind of exploding out, and maybe set the camera a little bit below it. And something like that, and now we’ll just grab ahold of that Z access and just push ourselves in closer. Now you can see we’re nice and close, and it explodes right into the camera. So that’s quite good. Move us back so we can see the full frame of that break, and that should be good.So we have this thing breaking and it creates a hole, so that’s all good. If you’d like to put a background, something in behind here, now is definitely the time to do that. So I’m going to create a new solid and make the solid completely black. Hit OK, good. And just move it in behind so it’s a light window that breaks and there’s nothing but blackness in behind. So take all of these elements and we’re going to pre-compose those and we’re going to call this “glass animation.” And now we’re going to time relap this make it more dramatic. So just go layer, time, enable time relapping. Now, we want to go to where that first shatter kind of happens, so it’s breaking. And we want the pieces to be right in our face, so that’s a good spot to start. And you can just go ahead about five or so frames, put a key frame there, as well.Now we’re going to just go ahead to where all the pieces have fallen off and away and set a key frame there. Advance the last key frame and remove it, because really our animation is done after all our pieces are off. What we’re going to do is grab these last two key frames here, and we’re going to move them away from the first two key frames. And After Effects fills in the rest of the information to make this floating glass happen for us. Then we’ll just pinch the last two together a little bit, so that it’s floating and then it speeds away. And now take these center two keyframes, so they’re the start and end of the slowdown, pull them control or command, click on them, turn them into these nice circles to auto their values. And then you can see that it kind of gradually gets into theslowing and then it comes out of the slowing, as well.And the last thing to add to all of this stuff is what’s called a force motion blur, which will force these things to be blurry. So that it’s blurry and then it slows down like the camera is speeding up to catch these things, but you still have that nice motion blur when it breaks open. So stylistically, we’re also going to want to make a new adjustment layer and on that adjustment layer I’m going to put a curves. I’m going to use this curves just to kind of make these things brighter and a little more contrast. I’m going to go into the red and pull some of the reds out. I’m going to go into the blues, and add some blue. Just to give it a blue look, because for whatever reason things at nighttime are blue and we associate blue with dark things.Now we’re going to create a new, solid, maybe comp size, keep it black and put it below everything. And on this layer we’re going to put a ramp and make the start of the ramp to be sort of a lighter color, so maybe a 20%. And the end color, make it fully dark. Good. Set the start of the ramp to be in the center. Set the end of the ramp to be out of frame, down in the corner. And then set your glass animation to be on add so that you can see we’ve got this nice gradient just behind, coloring everything. And maybe change the gradient to a radial gradient. And that looks quite nice. Although, the linear gradient, you know, there’s something to be said for that, as well. So just make this a little darker, I’m happy with those results. So now you have a nice, shattering title of whatever you put on that first layer.And you can always go back to that layer, the glass to shatter layer, and then change this. So if you don’t want it to say “glass,” it can say, “EC Abrams from Premiumbeat.com.” And then you can have a nice, little title here. You might just want to size that up and put that in a better spot, but all told, that pretty much sums up what we’re making. The last thing to do is, of course, export it, where you’ll just set your work area and render it out.So, this has been Evan Abrams for PremiumBeat.com, your source for tips and tricks in After Effects and other applications, on our blog. Stop by and learn some stuff. And of course come to PremiumBeat.com for all of your music and sound effects needs. I’m Evan Abrams. Thank you so much for watching. Subscribe to our channels and I will see you around the internet. [/color-box]
Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ “I’m surprised of the three San Sebastian players. They can play and they just play. The same goes with St. Benilde. They really enjoyed their time even if they came from different schools,” he said, praising the attitude of San Sebastian’s Ian Valdez, Kevin Baytan, and Alvin Baetiong, as well as St. Benilde’s JJ Domingo, Edward Dixon, and Gerard Castor.With the midseason festivities now done with, Fernandez’ focus is back in the second round as San Beda returns to action against St. Benilde.“We know the second round will come on Tuesday. We’re enjoying this now and tomorrow, we’ll already focus on the second round,” he said.ADVERTISEMENT Coach Boyet Fernandez. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netSan Beda coach Boyet Fernandez isn’t putting too much thought his victory over Topex Robinson when his Saints prevailed over the Heroes, 84-80, in the 2017 NCAA All-Star Game on Friday.“It’s a different situation. Even though Topex is coaching the other team, it’s still an All-Star game and we’re just enjoying today’s game. It’s for the fans and the students of the member schools of the NCAA,” he said.ADVERTISEMENT NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Biggest Pogo service provider padlocked for tax evasion Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Fernandez was finally able to get one against Robinson, as the Saints team, made up of stars from San Beda, Letran, San Sebastian, Perpetual, and St. Benilde, escaped the late rally from the Heroes crew, comprised of standouts from Lyceum, JRU, EAC, Arellano, and Mapua.The Red Lion mentor the rare chance to have players like Rey Nambatac, Bong Quinto, and eventual All-Star MVP Prince Eze in his team.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games opening“They’re really good. You know them when you’re facing against them, but once you coach them, you can really see their basketball IQ,” he said.Fernandez was also caught by surprise with how the unheralded players from the Golden Stags and the Blazers worked hard in practice. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side MOST READ View comments PBA: Globalport stuns TNT Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’
That Greg Norman loves golf is indisputable, but few know that he has yearned for more than 20 years to see his sport make it to the Olympics. After being a part of the Paris Games in 1900 and the 1904 edition in St. Louis, golf has been brought back to the biggest sporting stage by the International Olympic Committee(IOC) for the 2016 extravaganza in Rio de Janeiro, where golf is still growing and not yet a big sport. Interestingly, in the Olympic Park area of Rio, there are two courses, one of them with a highway running through it. On Tuesday, the golfing legend, who held the world number one spot for 331 weeks and was nicknamed the Shark, recalled how it all started. “I remember when it started. It was a practice round, in 1984, here at Wentworth (England). We were getting ready for a World Match Play. Seve(Ballesteros) mentioned the Olympics, and I was kind of taken aback.I hadn’t thought about it, didn’t know much about the concept,” the Australian said. Seve wanted Norman to help him promote the concept of getting golf on board at the Olympics. Norman went through and stayed with him on the concept. Even after Ballesteros died of cancer last year at the age of 54, Norman, now 57, has kept the campaign alive. And more importantly, Norman always ensured that Seve got the credit for his role. “I give Seve as much credit as anybody,” he said. “And here we are today, talking about golf in the Olympics. “You know what I love about the Olympics? If you win a bronze medal, you are a hero. If you finish third in a golf tournament, you are a choker.advertisementThat’s what we should all take away from the Olympics,” added Norman, who knows a thing or two about losing Majors as he won two of them, but lost countless after coming close. In 1986, Norman led into the final round of each of the four Slams, called the Saturday Slam, but managed to win only the British Open at Turnberry. Norman and Seve were great rivals, with the Spaniard a consistent challenger to the Australian’s No. 1 spot. They practiced a lot together and Norman admits that some of Ballesteros’ passions became his. Norman said Ballesteros knew Juan Antonio Samaranch, the then IOC President and a fellow Spaniard. Seve managed to put the idea of golf in Olympics into Samaranch’s mind. Interestingly, Norman was in the race to build the course in Rio, apart from other big names such as Jack Nicklaus (with Annika Sorenstam) and Gary Player. Norman, the Olympic supporter, won with the inclusion of golf for Rio, but Norman, the golf designer, lost out in the bid for making the course. The IOC awarded the project to American designer Gil Hanse, who worked with Amy Alcott to win the bid. But there is still a lot of work to be done.The IOC wants one women’s and one men’s test event to be played on the course in 2015. “The IOC wanted the course to be such that it could be played on and enjoyed by others, too, after the Games. It was to have an academy, a smaller course for practice, range and all such facilities,” said Norman. Losing the bid upset the Aussie, but he said it was important for golf to take advantage of this opportunity as it will boost the sport. “If we don’t do this well and don’t get golf back in the 2020 Games, then shame on us,” Norman said.
zoom German shipbuilder Meyer Werft held a steel cutting ceremony for Saga Cruises’ first new cruise ship, the Spirit of Discovery, on February 28.With the event, the shipbuilder started the construction of the first sections and blocks for the new vessel at its Building Dock I in Papenburg.The UK-based cruise line informed that the Spirit of Discovery is scheduled to take to the oceans in just 18 month’s time when it joins the company in summer 2019.With a capacity to accommodate 999 passengers, the Spirit of Discovery is the first of two vessels which were ordered by Saga Cruises in January 2016 and September 2017, respectively.The second cruise ship, the Spirit of Adventure, is scheduled to be delivered in summer 2020.The ships each have an overall length of 236 metres, a width of 31.2 metres and a tonnage measurement of 58,250 GT.
Source:https://www.helsinki.fi/en/news/health-news/large-regional-differences-in-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-finland Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 22 2018Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease that is usually treated with intranasal medication and nasal saline lavage. Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is considered when CRS is difficult to treat. The surgery aims to restore ventilation of paranasal sinuses and reduce inflammation.A new research published in BMJ Open studied the frequency of endoscopic sinus surgery performed due to chronic rhinosinusitis. The nationwide annual age- and gender standardized rate of ESS in Finland was 0.71 per 1000 people. However, the rates between hospital districts varied from 0.25/1000 to 1.15/1000.Related StoriesNew therapy shows promise in preventing brain damage after traumatic brain injuryTransobturator sling surgery shows promise for stress urinary incontinenceCommon cold virus strain could be a breakthrough in bladder cancer treatmentThe regional differences remained statistically significant after adjustment with gender and age of the patients. The availability of medical services was independently associated with higher ESS rates.”However, there remained unexplained variation in ESS rate, which could be explained by the different individual operation decision making of physicians,” says the first author of the research, Sanna Toppila-Salmi from the University of Helsinki.The study group performed a cross-sectional nationwide evaluation of Finnish register data of all CRS patients who underwent ESS in 2013-2015.The study does not provide information on the optimal ESS rate nor give information on which patients, when and how should ESS most optimally be performed to achieve maximum beneficial improvement of health.”There is limited knowledge on optimal treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis, and the optimal timing, patient selection and extent of endoscopic sinus surgery. In the future, controlled studies comparing different treatment options of CRS would thus be needed,” Salmi-Toppila says.Previous, non-nationwide studies in the US have also shown regional variation in ESS rates. The strength of the current study was that it comprised a population-based nationwide design including all patients undergoing ESS in both public and private hospitals in Finland and information concerning the diagnoses, procedures performed, and individual level patient history data.