Antwon Tag Archive
25 September 2008Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today highlighted the key role of education for reaching the globally agreed set of eight targets for slashing poverty, illiteracy and other socio-economic ills by 2015, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today highlighted the key role of education for reaching the globally agreed set of eight targets for slashing poverty, illiteracy and other socio-economic ills by 2015, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). “We have ample evidence that education improves individual incomes, economic growth, child and maternal health, resistance to disease and environmental practices,” Mr. Ban told an event focusing on the goal of “education for all,” which the world’s governments agreed in 1999 in the Senegalese capital, Dakar, to try to achieve by 2015.“With an education, people flourish. Without it, they remain trapped in poverty,” he said in a message delivered by Ann Veneman, Executive Director of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), to the gathering of leaders from the private sector, academia, the faith community and governments.The Secretary-General to the “great” progress achieved so far in the area of education, noting that more children are in school than ever before and that more girls are getting the equal education that they deserve. “We have to build on this momentum based on the conviction that education can drive economic and social progress,” he stated.Mr. Ban stressed that one of the best investments that any country can make is to educate girls and women, “so they can earn more income, improve their family’s well being, and show their daughters, in turn, what is possible once you can read and write.”At the same time, he pointed to a need for a commitment to equity, noting that currently children from poor communities, rural areas and minority groups are almost always struggling to learn under worse conditions than others in society. “If we do not close this gap, we put a whole generation at risk, and we allow problems to fester,” said the Secretary-General. “But if we ensure that all children get the education they deserve, we put both individuals and countries on a sure footing toward a stable future.”The six “education for all” goals are to expand early childhood care and education; provide free and compulsory primary education for all; promote learning and life skills for young people and adults; increase adult literacy by 50 per cent; achieve gender parity by 2005 and gender equality by 2015; and improve the quality of education.
This is the opinion of Roskill, which reports that “in Mozambique, for example, the extractive sector currently represents less than 4% of economic activity but has scope to grow considerably. The recent discovery of huge reserves of mineral resources, combined with ongoing reforms and subsequent improvement of the business climate in Mozambique, provide good opportunities for the transformation of the country into a middle-income nation. The country is host to mineral sands, gold, copper, nickel, iron ore, bauxite, graphite, rare earth minerals, lithium, bismuth and antimony, as well as world-class coal deposits and both onshore and offshore natural gas deposits.“After decades of under investment, geographic challenges and outdated legislation, neighbouring Malawi’s mining industries remain underdeveloped. However, this may all be about to change. Following the country’s fifth successive democratic elections in 2014, the new government has set its sights on expanding the nascent sector, and with the completion of a World Bank sponsored geological survey in 2015 and the anticipated release of the new liberalised mining code, the development of Malawi’s extractive industries may be about to accelerate.“Compared to Mozambique and Malawi, Namibia has a long-established mining sector, which has been developed as a consequence of three key factors: an endowment of a wide array of natural resources, a stable pro-business government and an impressive transport infrastructure. As of 2016, the country had active mines extracting diamonds, uranium, gold, lead, zinc, manganese, iron ore, silver and copper. There is also a diverse pipeline of projects being developed. The launch of offshore diamond mining has reinvigorated diamond production levels, and output is forecast to increase in the coming years. What’s more, reliance on diamond mining is likely to fall as several large uranium projects come online. The country has the recognised potential to produce over 10% of the world’s uranium output and, should demand and prices recover, the supply capacity will be in place to exploit higher margins.”